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Knight v. Allstate Property and Casualty Insurance Co.

United States District Court, N.D. Mississippi, Oxford Division

August 23, 2019




         Presently before the court is the defendant Allstate Property and Casualty Insurance Company's motion for partial summary judgment. Upon due consideration of the motion, response, exhibits, and applicable authority, the court is ready to rule.

         Factual and Procedural Background

         This diversity action against Allstate Property and Casualty Insurance Company for contractual and bad faith claims arises as the result of an automobile accident occurring on May 25, 2017, in Tate County, Mississippi. Plaintiff Sherry Knight alleges she was exiting Interstate 55, traveling southbound on the exit ramp to merge onto East Main Street, when an automobile driven by Ms. Betty Webb collided with her automobile. Following the accident, Plaintiff was transported via medical helicopter to Regional One Health Center where she underwent numerous diagnostic tests. She was discharged after approximately twelve hours and was not admitted to the hospital.

         Approximately five days after the accident, Plaintiff sought treatment at Campbell Clinic Orthopaedics. She also sought physical therapy treatment. At the time the present motion was filed, Plaintiff's medical expenses totaled approximately $71, 777.19.

         Webb's insurer, Farm Bureau Casualty Insurance, has paid to Plaintiff its liability limit of $50, 000.00 in this matter. Additionally, Defendant Allstate has paid its “MedPay” limit of $1, 000.00.

         Plaintiffs initially demanded, via letter dated January 17, 2018, that Allstate pay $300, 000.00 to settle the underinsured motorist portion of the claim against Allstate. In response to this demand, Allstate offered $30, 000.00. Allstate alleges that Plaintiffs' counsel counter-demanded $245, 000.00 in response, but this counter-demand was apparently not reduced to writing. Plaintiffs assert the counter-demand to the $30, 000.00 offer was $275, 000.00. Regardless, Allstate counter-offered $35, 000.00 on April 16, 2018, which represents the last offer made prior to Plaintiffs' filing this lawsuit.

         Plaintiffs filed their complaint on May 17, 2018, asserting claims for breach of contract and bad faith. Plaintiff Darryl Knight, Sherry Knight's husband, also asserts a claim for loss of consortium. Plaintiffs filed their first amended complaint on July 30, 2018, to assert additional information regarding Defendant Allstate's citizenship for the purposes of establishing diversity jurisdiction. Allstate has now moved for partial summary judgment seeking dismissal of the bad faith claim against it.

         Standard of Review

         “The court shall grant summary judgment if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). On a motion for summary judgment, the movant has the initial burden of showing the absence of a genuine issue of material fact. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 325 (1986). If the movant makes such a showing, the burden then shifts to the non-movant to “go beyond the pleadings and . . . designate specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.” Id. at 324. Further, the non-movant “must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts.” Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co., Ltd. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986).

         When deciding a motion for summary judgment, the court must view the underlying facts in the “light most favorable to the party opposing the motion.” United States v. Diebold, Inc., 369 U.S. 654, 655 (1962). As such, all reasonable inferences must be drawn in favor of the non-movant. Id. Before finding that no genuine issue for trial exists, the court must first be satisfied that no rational trier of fact could find for the non-movant. Matsushita, 475 U.S. at 587 (1986). “Summary judgment, although a useful device, must be employed cautiously because it is a final adjudication on the merits.” Jackson v. Cain, 864 F.2d 1235, 1241 (5th Cir. 1989).


         A bad faith claim is essentially a plaintiff's request that punitive damages be assessed against a defendant for certain types of especially egregious conduct. “Punitive damages should be assessed with caution and within narrow limits as an example and warning.” Standard Life Ins. Co. v. Veal, 354 So.2d 239, 247 (Miss. 1977). A plaintiff carries a “heavy burden” when pursuing punitive damages based on a bad faith claim. Jenkins v. Ohio Cas. Ins. Co., 794 So.2d 228, 232 (Miss. 2001).

         The Mississippi Supreme Court has set forth a two-step inquiry to be utilized when a court is presented with determining whether a bad faith claim may proceed. “The issue of punitive damages should not be submitted to the jury unless the trial court determines that there are jury issues with regard to whether: 1. The insurer lacked an arguable or legitimate basis for denying the claim, and 2. The insurer committed a willful or malicious wrong, or acted with gross and reckless disregard for the insured's rights.” State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co. v. Grimes, 722 So.2d 637 (Miss. 1998). Both questions must be answered in the ...

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