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Savinell v. Bradley

United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Western Division

March 1, 2019




         THIS MATTER IS BEFORE THE COURT on Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment [66] and Plaintiff's Motions for Transfer [83], [84], [85] and the Report and Recommendation [87] of Magistrate Judge Michael T. Parker and Objection filed thereto [89] by Plaintiff, Ryan Anthony Savinell. The Court has considered the above documents and the record in this case and does hereby find as follows:

         I. BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff, a post-conviction inmate, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis filed a complaint in this matter on August 11, 2017 relating to events that occurred at Wilkinson County Correctional Facility (WCCF). The Court held a Spears[1] hearing to screen and clarify Plaintiff's claims on March 23, 2018. The claims articulated at the hearing supersede the Complaint. See Order [51].[2]

         Plaintiff claims that several correctional officers at WCCF failed to protect him. On October 26, 2016, Plaintiff was allegedly robbed of his commissary items (food and personal hygiene products) by another inmate, Marcus Sims. Plaintiff testified at the hearing that he was taking a shower when Sims entered the cell. Sims threatened Plaintiff and his cellmate with a knife and prevented Plaintiff from alerting the guards. Sims also stated he would stab Plaintiff if he left his cell before the guards locked the cells down.

         After the alleged robbery, Plaintiff informed the guards on the next shift of the incident but none of the commissary items were recovered. Plaintiff testified that he also informed Unit Manager Diania Walker about the robbery and other altercations he had with Sims. It is Plaintiff's position that Defendant Walker ignored his concerns and instead allowed Sims to work as an orderly. This allowed Sims to work outside of his cell most of the day and forced Plaintiff to remain inside his cell to avoid Sims.

         Plaintiff then testified that he was able to “red tag” Sims in December of 2016. A “red tag” request allows an inmate to be kept separate from another inmate who may pose a threat to him or her. Sims and Plaintiff are no longer housed on the same unit, but Plaintiff still allegedly fears for his life because he is presently housed with some of Sims's friends. According to Plaintiff, this fear has forced him to remain in his cell for months at a time, and he does not leave to use the shower.

         Plaintiff sent grievances through the Administrative Remedy Program (ARP) to Defendants Jody Bradley and Tracey Arbuthnot requesting to be transferred to another prison. Plaintiff was not transferred to another prison. On October 5, 2017, Plaintiff claims he was assaulted by another inmate he called “Baby-G.”[3] Plaintiff alleges that Baby-G hit him on the head and cut his hand using a prison-made knife. Plaintiff believes that Baby-G is friends with Marcus Sims. After the attack, the Unit Manager, Karen Brown, allegedly prevented Plaintiff from “red-tagging” Baby-G.

         Defendants filed a Motion for Summary Judgment on July 2, 2018. Mot. [66]. Plaintiff responded on July 16, 2018. Resp. [70]. Defendants replied on July 29, 2018. Reply [72].

         Plaintiff has also filed three Motions [83], [84], and [85] requesting a transfer to another prison. All pending Motions are now ripe for consideration.


         When a party objects to a Report and Recommendation this Court is required to “make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). See also Longmire v. Gust, 921 F.2d 620, 623 (5th Cir. 1991) (Party is “entitled to a de novo review by an Article III Judge as to those issues to which an objection is made.”) Such review means that this Court will examine the entire record and will make an independent assessment of the law. The Court is not required, however, to reiterate the findings and conclusions of the Magistrate Judge. Koetting v. Thompson, 995 F.2d 37, 40 (5th Cir. 1993) nor need it consider objections that are frivolous, conclusive or general in nature. Battle v. United States Parole Commission, 834 F.2d 419, 421 (5th Cir. 1997). No. factual objection is raised when a petitioner merely reurges arguments contained in the original petition. Edmond v. Collins, 8 F.3d 290, 293 (5th Cir. 1993).


         Judge Parker's Report and Recommendation correctly states the summary judgment standard and goes through the issues one by one. The Plaintiff, in a very lengthy objection basically restates the facts and allegations of his Complaint. The Plaintiff is a prolific letter writer and the Court has reviewed the letters that are part of the record as well as the objection and tried to glean from them viable constitutional issues that the Plaintiff has. In order to keep some consistency with ...

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