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Columbus Light and Water Department v. UMR, Inc.

United States District Court, N.D. Mississippi, Aberdeen Division

July 24, 2018



         Now before this Court is Plaintiff Columbus Light and Water Department's Motion for Reconsideration [15]. Having considered the matter, the Court finds the motion should be denied.


         The Department is a municipal utility provider for the City of Columbus, Mississippi. In 2016, the Department established a self-funded health insurance plan for its employees and contracted with Defendant UMR to serve as a third-party claims administrator for the plan.

         The Department claims that according to the agreements between it and UMR, dependents of employees under age 26 would be eligible for coverage under the plan, while dependents age 26 and older would not. The Department alleged that UMR breached the agreements by approving a claim submitted by a 26-year-old dependent that UMR knew was ineligible for coverage under the plan.

         UMR moved for a judgment on the pleadings. This Court found that the service agreement between the parties allocated responsibility to the Department to inform UMR who was covered under the plan and when dependents were no longer eligible to be covered under the plan. Because the Department did not allege that it had informed UMR the dependent in question was no longer eligible, the Department did not plead that UMR violated the agreement by approving a claim submitted by the dependent. Therefore, the Court granted UMR's motion. The Department now moves this Court to reconsider.

         Motion to Reconsider Standard under Rule 59(e)

         "While the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not provide for a motion for reconsideration, such a motion may be considered either a Rule 59(e) motion to alter or amend judgment or a Rule 60(b) motion for relief from judgment or order." Shepherd v. Int'l Paper Co., 372 F.3d 326, 328 n.1 (5th Cir. 2004). Because the motion before this Court was filed within 28 days of the Court's order, the Court will treat the motion as a Rule 59(e) motion to alter or amend judgment. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 59. A Rule 59 motion is the proper vehicle by which a party can "correct manifest errors of law or fact" or "present newly discovered evidence." Templet v. HydroChem Inc., 367F.3d 473, 479 (5th Cir. 2004) (quoting Waltman v. Int'l Paper Co., 875 F.2d 468, 473 (5th Cir. 1989)). A party should not attempt to use the Rule 59 motion for the purpose of "rehashing evidence, legal theories, or arguments that could have been offered or raised before the entry of judgment." Templet, 367 F.3d at 479, (citing Simon v. U.S., 81 F.2d 1154, 1159 (5th Cir. 1990)).


         The Department argues that this Court should reconsider its previous ruling in light of the Summary Plan Description it has now submitted. [15-1]. It claims that this "newly discovered evidence" establishes that UMR breached its agreement with the Department by approving claims for the ineligible dependent.

         That argument fails for two reasons. First, the Summary Plan Description is not "newly discovered evidence." Newly discovered evidence must, at the least, be unavailable at the time the initial motion was considered. See Russ v. Int'l Paper Co., 943 F.2d 589, 593 (5th Cir. 1991) (holding that an unexcused failure to present evidence that was available at the time a summary judgment motion was under consideration is a valid basis for denying a motion to reconsider); Templet v. HydroChem Inc., 367 F.3d 473, 479 (5th Cir. 2004); Lovell v. Hamp, 228 F.Supp.2d 773, 775 (N.D. Miss. 2001). It is difficult to image how the Summary Plan Description, as the document the Department would distribute to its employees describing the insurance plan the it was offering to them, was somehow unavailable to the Department. It was referenced numerous times in the Department's complaint. Indeed, this Court, in its prior opinion, noted how unusual it was that the parties, especially the Department, did not submit such a seemingly important document to the Court despite making repeated references to it. The Summary Plan Description is not newly discovered, and therefore the Court need not consider it as a basis for reconsideration.

         Second, even if the Court were to consider it, the Summary Plan Description reaffirms that it was the Department's duty to inform UMR when a dependent was no longer eligible. The Summary Plan Description begins by naming the Department as "Plan Administrator" and UMR as "Third-Party Administrator". Summary Plan Description at 1. It then goes on to provide that:

In particular, the Plan Administrator [the Department] will have full and sole discretionary authority to interpret all Plan documents, including this SPD, and make all interpretive and factual determinations as to whether any individual is entitled to receive any benefit under the terms of this plan.

Id. at 3 (emphasis added). Thus, by the terms of the Summary Plan Description, it is the Department that possesses not only the obligation, but the sole authority to determine whether someone is covered under the Plan or not. Additional provisions provide that employees must notify the Department, not UMR, when their dependents' eligibility changes:

The Plan reserves the right to check the eligibility status of a Dependent at any time throughout the year. You and Your Dependent have an obligation to notify the Plan should the Dependent's eligibility status change during the Plan year. Please ...

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