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Netto v. Atlantic Specialty Insurance Co.

United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Southern Division

December 14, 2016




         BEFORE THE COURT is the plaintiffs' Motion [13] to Remand. Plaintiffs' contend that the parties are not completely diverse, and therefore the Court does not have subject matter jurisdiction under the diversity jurisdiction statute. The defendants have responded, but there has been no reply. After due consideration of the submissions and the relevant law, it is the Court's opinion that it has subject matter jurisdiction in this case. Accordingly, the Motion to Remand will be denied.


         Plaintiffs Gary and Dejuana Netto are a married couple who filed this lawsuit in Pearl River County, Mississippi, Circuit Court after Gary was involved in a vehicle accident. Gary alleges he was a passenger in a vehicle owned by his employer, Pearl River County, Mississippi, when it was rear-ended while the driver attempted to make a left turn. Gary and Dejuana have sued Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company and GEICO Indemnity Company for underinsured motorist benefits.[1] Dejuana brings a derivative loss of consortium claim. The defendants removed the case to this Court on the basis of diversity jurisdiction, 28 U.S.C. § 1332. The plaintiffs timely moved for remand.


         The plaintiffs argue that their lawsuit is a “direct action” against both insurers under Mississippi law. Accordingly, applying 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(1), the insurers step into the diversity jurisdiction of their insured. The statute provides in part:

in any direct action against the insurer of a policy or contract of liability insurance, whether incorporated or unincorporated, to which action the insured is not joined as a party-defendant, such insurer shall be deemed a citizen of [ ] every State and foreign state of which the insured is a citizen.

28 U.S.C.A. § 1332(c)(1). Thus, Plaintiffs argue that Atlantic Specialty should be deemed a Mississippi resident like its primary insured, Pearl River County, Mississippi, and GEICO should be deemed a Mississippi resident like its insureds, Gary and Dejuana Netto. As all parties would have Mississippi citizenship in this scenario, there would be no diversity.

         The defendants respond that § 1332(c)(1) is not applicable for a number of reasons. First, Mississippi is not a direct action state and does not allow Plaintiffs to assert a liability claim directly against a liability carrier. Therefore § 1332(c)(1) does not come into play. Second, Plaintiffs could not name Pearl River County as a defendant simply because it was Atlantic Specialty's insured, and it is “nonsensical” to claim that they could have named themselves defendants as GEICO's insured. (Def. Resp. Mem. 4, ECF No. 18). Most importantly, Defendants cite case law holding that the provision does not apply to suits by an insured against his own insurer. See, e.g., Adams v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 313 F.Supp. 1349, 1352 (N.D. Miss. 1970).

The purpose of the “direct action” provision in § 1332(c)(1) was to prevent an injured party from gaining diversity over a non-diverse tortfeasor by directly suing the tortfeasor's out-of-state insurance company instead of the tortfeasor. The section was thus not intended to thwart diversity in suits between an insured and the insured's own insurance company.

Guerrero v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 181 F.3d 97, at *1 n.1 (5th Cir. 1999) (citing Myers v. State Farm Ins. Co., 842 F.2d 705, 707 (3d Cir.1988); Andrew M. Campbell, Construction and Application of 28 USCS § 1332(c)(1), Establishing Citizenship of Insurer in Diversity Action Against Such Insurer Where Insured Is Not Joined as Party Defendant, 119 A.L.R. Fed. 135, 171-77 (1994)).

         Plaintiffs allege that Gary is an employee of Pearl River County and an insured for “underinsured compensatory damages” under the Atlantic Specialty policy issued to Pearl River County. (Compl. 5, 7 (¶¶ 10-11, 20), ECF No. 1-2). By suing Atlantic Specialty for underinsured motorist benefits, Gary is suing his own insurer, not the tortfeasor's insurer.

The insured obviously is not joined as a party-defendant because the insured is the plaintiff. Applying the direct action provision to a dispute solely between an insured and her own insurance company would result in an absurdity-federal courts would never hear common insurance disputes because the insured and the insurer, the ...

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