United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Eastern Division
TIMOTHY M. FARRIS, Plaintiff,
DR. BRENT BEVARD, Defendant.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
KEITH STARRETT, District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Timothy Farris's Motion to Remand . Having considered the submissions of the parties, the record, and the applicable law, the Court finds that the motion should be denied.
On or about January 27, 2015, Timothy Farris ("Farris") and Defendant Dr. Brent Bevard ("Bevard") entered into a contract for the sale of certain residential property (the "Subject Property") owned by Farris and located in Forrest County, Mississippi. ( See Contract [3-1].) The closing date was set for February 17, 2015. Prior to that date, disputes between Farris and Bevard arose regarding the repair or replacement of a pool heater at the Subject Property. The parties did not work out their disputes and Bevard chose not to follow through with the purchase of the Subject Property. Farris subsequently filed suit against Bevard in the Chancery Court of Forrest County, Mississippi. ( See Compl. [1-2 at ECF p. 3]; Am. Compl. [1-2 at ECF p. 21].) Farris seeks specific performance of the contract for the sale of the Subject Property or, in the alternative, damages for Bevard's alleged breach of contract. Farris also seeks punitive damages and alleges intentional infliction of emotional distress, tortuous interference with contract, and slander of title.
On March 9, 2015, Bevard removed the case to this Court on the basis of diversity of citizenship subject matter jurisdiction under Title 28 U.S.C. § 1332. ( See Notice of Removal .) On March 30, 2015, Farris filed his Motion to Remand . Farris contends that the requirements for an exercise of diversity jurisdiction are not met in this case.
A. General Removal Standards
"[F]ederal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, having only the authority endowed by the Constitution and that conferred by Congress." Halmekangas v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., 603 F.3d 290, 292 (5th Cir. 2010). This Court has removal jurisdiction in any case where it has original jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). Under § 1332, the Court has "original jurisdiction of all civil actions where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75, 000, exclusive of interests and costs, and is between... [c]itizens of different States...." 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1). The parties must be completely diverse, meaning that "the citizenship of each plaintiff is diverse from the citizenship of each defendant." Owen Equip. & Erection Co. v. Kroger, 437 U.S. 365, 374 (1978). "In cases removed from state court, diversity of citizenship must exist both at the time of filing in state court and at the time of removal to federal court." Coury v. Prot, 85 F.3d 244, 249 (5th Cir. 1996). Furthermore, "[i]f diversity is established..., it will not be destroyed by subsequent changes in the citizenship of the extant parties." Coury, 85 F.3d at 249. "The removing party bears the burden of establishing that federal jurisdiction exists." De Aguilar v. Boeing Co., 47 F.3d 1404, 1408 (5th Cir. 1995) (citing Gaitor v. Peninsular & Occidental S.S. Co., 287 F.2d 252, 253-54 (5th Cir. 1961)). Since federal courts are of limited jurisdiction and removal raises significant federalism concerns, the "removal statutes are to be construed strictly against removal and for remand." Eastus v. Blue Bell Creameries, L.P., 97 F.3d 100, 106 (5th Cir. 1996) (citations omitted).
B. Amount in Controversy
Farris argues that § 1332(a)'s amount in controversy requirement is not met in this action. The Court disagrees. "Courts look to the value of the property involved to determine the jurisdictional amount in suits for specific performance of a contract to convey realty." Comprehensive Addiction Programs v. Mendoza, 50 F.Supp.2d 581, 583 (E.D. La. 1999) (citing Waller v. Professional Ins. Corp., 296 F.2d 545 (5th Cir. 1961)). Here, the agreed upon price for the sale of the Subject Property is $435, 000.00,  a figure well above the jurisdictional minimum. Farris's unsupported argument that the purchase price of the home should not be considered in valuing his request for specific performance is not well taken.
Farris's alternative request for compensatory and punitive damages also supports the existence of diversity jurisdiction. "[F]ederal courts in Mississippi have consistently held that a claim for an unspecified amount of punitive damages is deemed to exceed the federal jurisdictional minimum." Sun Life Assur. Co. v. Fairley, 485 F.Supp.2d 731, 735 (S.D.Miss. 2007) (citing Brasell v. Unumprovident Corp., 2001 WL 1530342, at *2 (N.D. Miss. Oct. 25, 2001)). Accordingly, the amount in controversy requirement is met considering either Farris's equitable or legal requests for relief.
C. Diversity of Citizenship
The state citizenship of an individual for purposes of diversity jurisdiction is usually determined by his or her domicile. Coury, 85 F.3d at 249 (citations omitted). "A person acquires a domicile of origin' at birth, and this domicile is presumed to continue absent sufficient evidence of change." Acridge v. Evangelical Lutheran Good Samaritan Society, 334 F.3d 444, 448 (5th Cir. 2003) (quoting Palazzo v. Corio, 232 F.3d 38, 42 (2d Cir. 2000)). The terms "domicile" and "residence" are not synonymous. See Combee v. Shell Oil Co., 615 F.2d 698, 700 (5th Cir. 1980) (citing Mas v. Perry, 489 F.2d 1396, 1399 (5th Cir. 1974)). "Evidence of a person's place of residence, however, is prima facie proof of his domicile." Hollinger v. Home State Mut. Ins. Co., 654 F.3d 564, 571 (5th Cir. 2011) (citations omitted).
"A person's domicile persists until a new one is acquired or it is clearly abandoned." Coury, 85 F.3d at 250 (citations omitted). The presumption in favor of continuing domicile can be overcome by evidence of an individual's residence in a new state and his or her intention to remain in the new state indefinitely. Acridge, 334 F.3d at 448. The mere presence of an individual in a new locale, without any showing of the requisite intent, is insufficient to establish a change in domicile. Id .; see also Welsh v. Am. Sur. Co. of New York, 186 F.2d 16, 17 (5th Cir. 1951) ("Mere absence from a fixed home, however long continued, cannot work the change."). Courts have utilized several factors in determining whether an individual has changed his domicile, including "the places where the litigant exercises civil and political rights, pays taxes, owns real and personal property, has driver's and other licenses, maintains bank accounts, belongs ...