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Jackson v. Publishing Clearing House

United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Jackson Division

November 7, 2014



LINDA R. ANDERSON, Magistrate Judge.

This matter came before the Court for a hearing on October 28, 2014, on the Motion to Proceed in Forma Pauperis [2] filed on October 9, 2014, by Mtisha Jackson [hereinafter "Plaintiff"]. The Court also conducted the hearing to review Plaintiff's allegations under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), to determine if her claims are frivolous or whether she has stated a claim upon which relief could be granted. Plaintiff filed this Complaint against Publishing Clearing House [hereinafter "Defendant"]. The Complaint asserts that Plaintiff is a resident of Jackson, Mississippi. No address is given for Defendant, and no basis for federal jurisdiction is set forth in the Complaint.

Plaintiff testified at the hearing that she has not been employed since 2010, when she worked as a dietary aide. Since that time, she has been disabled and has lived on Supplemental Security Income in the monthly amount of $721. She also receives about $41 per month in food stamps. She has two children, ages 2 and 5, who live part-time with her and part-time with her mother. She receives no alimony or child support. She owns a car but it is financed; she makes a monthly car payment. Her monthly living expenses are $835.

The undersigned finds that if only Plaintiff's income and expenses are reviewed, she may be entitled to proceed without the prepayment of fees. However, 28 U.S.C. §1915(a)(1) does not mandate that the Court grant in forma pauperis status, even if the financial indicators suggest it. Instead, the statute provides that the Court may grant permission to proceed without the prepayment of fees, and the Court is granted wide discretion to make that decision. Flowers v. Turbine Support Div., 507 F.2d 1242, 1244 (5th Cir. 1974).

Plaintiff's Complaint [1] is quoted verbatim in part as follows:

... I was doing jobs application on line and a PCH Publish Clearing Housing sweepstake entry arrive on my computer to put in my entry, with several awarded PCH giveaway prize numbers. That I had confirmed with my name, email address, and my other information, like my telephone number, city, state, and home address. The giveaway numbers was 3080, 1838, 3726, 3577, 1830, and 3814. And in March of 2014 I played their lotto balls and my numbers were played. I had spoken with one of their agent in they had said that it was going with the entry that's given out with the winning giveaway number sweepstake PCH giveaway number: 3080. And several more lotto ball that were play from February 11, 2014 to August 28, 2014.

By Order [3] filed October 15, 2014, Plaintiff was ordered to amend her Complaint on or before October 28, 2014, but she failed to do so. Plaintiff had also filed a separate Complaint in Cause No. 3:14cv682-CWR-FKB, stating the following:

... I brought this matter to Federal Court because I had confirmed my entries with Publish Clearing Houses February in 2014 and in July they had sent me an email stating that I was officially awarded PCH giveaway number 3080 and in May I had played their lotto pch games and had seen that my numbers was played and was shown unclaimed.

Complaint [1], p. 1.

By Order [6] entered by Judge Reeves on October 7, 2014, Plaintiff's claims were dismissed sua sponte as failing to state a claim. There appear to be no substantive differences in the claims in these two cases.

Granting Plaintiff in forma pauperis status to proceed with this lawsuit in federal court also permits the Court to dismiss the case at any time if it determines that the Complaint fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted. 28 U.S.C. §1915(e)(2)(B). This statute applies equally to prisoner and non-prisoner cases. Newsom v. EEOC, 301 F.3d 227, 231-33 (5th Cir. 2002). The reason for permitting early dismissal is clear - to "discourage the filing of, and waste of judicial and private resources upon, baseless lawsuits that paying litigants generally do not initiate because of the threat of sanctions for bringing vexatious suits under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 327 (1989). Thus, the Court is not required to wait until a defendant has been served, at taxpayer expense, and has moved for dismissal; the Court may dismiss a case on its own motion if it falls within the parameters of § 1915(e)(2). Neitzke.

The Plaintiff is prosecuting this case pro se. Therefore, her pleadings must be liberally construed. Pena v. United States of America, 122 F.3d 3, 4 (5th Cir. 1997). This is why the undersigned conducted a hearing, and Plaintiff was given an opportunity to explain her claims orally and to supplement and augment the written allegations contained in her Complaint. Even under a liberal standard of review, the undersigned finds that Plaintiff has failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2), a complaint must contain a "short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Rule 8 requires "more than an unadorned, thedefendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009)(quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, (2007)(citing Papasan v. Allain, 478 U.S. 265, 286 (1986)). Under any rule of pleading, "[a] pleading that offers labels and conclusions' or a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do.'" Id. (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555). Although a court must assume all well-pleaded allegations in the complaint as true the court need not assume as true "legal conclusions" or "threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements." Iqbal, 550 U.S. at 678 (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555).

The Court in Iqbal established the following two-pronged approach when deciding whether a complaint contains sufficient factual allegations to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. First, it should "begin by identifying pleadings that, because they are no more than conclusions, are not entitled to the assumption of truth." Iqbal, U.S. at 679. Second, "[if] there are well-pleaded factual allegations, a court should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement to relief." Id. The "plausibility standard" of Rule 8 applies to all civil actions and must be met in order to survive a motion to dismiss. Iqbal, id.

The undersigned has reviewed Plaintiff's complaint under Rule 8, as augmented by her testimony at the hearing. Plaintiff testified that she won the Publishers Clearing House prize, 3080, but she was never paid. She has no written proof that she won the money; she has no evidence in writing of any kind that Defendant ever informed her that she had won. She referred in her testimony to emails, but she cannot provide the emails confirming that she won. She does not state how much she supposedly won. She has no written notification from Publishers Clearing House that she won any prize and could produce no contract of any kind. She did not state facts which would establish a contract capable of being enforced in a court of law. The Court finds that ...

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