United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Northern Division
October 21, 2014
ROBERT EARL BROWN, # 139133, Plaintiff,
NURSE OLLIE LITTLE, DR. EDWARDS, NURSE TRAILER, and SCOTT MARQUARDT, Defendants.
ORDER DENYING REFUND
DANIEL P. JORDAN, III, District Judge.
Before the Court is pro se Plaintiff Robert Earl Brown's letter , which the Court construes as a motion for refund. On August 11, 2014, the Court granted Brown permission to proceed in forma pauperis and entered an Order Setting Payment Schedule . On August 26, Brown filed a voluntary dismissal.
To date, Brown has paid $30.24 toward the filing fee. The instant motion asks the Court to refund the partial filing fee already paid and to rescind the Order assessing the filing fee. The Court has considered Plaintiff's submissions and the relevant legal authority. The motion  is denied.
Brown alleges that he should not have to pay any more of the filing fee and requests a refund of monies paid to date. He does not invoke a specific rule or statute, but he relies on the fact that he voluntarily dismissed his case.
A. In Forma Pauperis Status
"Filing fees are part of the costs of litigation." Lucien v. De Tella, 141 F.3d 773, 775 (7th Cir. 1998). "The clerk of each district court shall require the parties instituting any civil action... in such court... to pay a filing fee of $350...." 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a) (emphasis added). When a complaint is accompanied by a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, the civil action "is not deemed filed' for the purposes of the [Prison Litigation Reform Act] fee provision until the motion has been acted on by the court." Strickland v. Rankin Cnty. Corr. Facility, 105 F.3d 972, 975 (5th Cir. 1997). If a prisoner is granted pauper status, he is permitted to pay the full filing fee in installments. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b) (noting "if a prisoner brings a civil action... in forma pauperis, the prisoner shall be required to pay the full amount of the filing fee").
In the instant case, Brown presented the Court with a complaint and a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. According to Strickland, when the Court granted Brown leave to proceed in forma pauperis on August 11, 2014, the civil action commenced. 105 F.3d at 975. At this point Brown incurred a debt of $350 to the Court. And the Order Setting Payment Schedule  allowed Brown to pay this debt in installments, per § 1915(b).
B. Voluntary Dismissal
Fifteen days after the Court granted Thomas in forma pauperis status, he voluntarily dismissed his case. But this dismissal did not change the fact that Brown had commenced a civil action in this Court and did not relieve Brown of the obligation to pay the filing fee. Nothing in §§ 1914 or 1915 gives the Court the authority to either reimburse the partial filing fee already paid or to waive collection of the remainder. See Orozco v. Khoshdel, 290 F.Appx. 648, 649 (5th Cir. July 30, 2008) (dismissal of appeal for lack of jurisdiction did not entitle ifp prisoner to refund of filing fee). As the Second Circuit has noted, "fee-paying litigants have no opportunity to obtain a refund of their filing fees... and nothing in the PLRA suggests that Congress, after making prisoners liable for filing fees, wanted to give them a refund opportunity not available to others." Goins v. DeCaro, 241 F.3d 260, 261 (2d Cir. 2001).
Brown is neither entitled to a refund of his partial filing fee nor a rescission of the Order Setting Payment Schedule. The motion is therefore denied.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that pro se Plaintiff Robert Earl Brown's letter , which the Court construes as a motion for refund, is DENIED.
SO ORDERED AND ADJUDGED.