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Lathan v. State

Court of Appeals of Mississippi

October 7, 2014

COREY LATHAN A/K/A COREY JAMAR LATHAN, APPELLANT
v.
STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, APPELLEE

Page 485

COURT FROM WHICH APPEALED: LOWNDES COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT. DATE OF JUDGMENT: 09/07/2012. TRIAL JUDGE: HON. JAMES T. KITCHENS JR. TRIAL COURT DISPOSITION: CONVICTED OF COUNT I, ARMED ROBBERY, AND SENTENCED TO THIRTY YEARS AND A FINE OF $500, AND COUNT II, BURGLARY OF A DWELLING, AND SENTENCED TO FIFTEEN YEARS, WITH FIVE YEARS SUSPENDED AND TEN YEARS TO SERVE, AND A FINE OF $500, WITH THE SENTENCE IN COUNT II TO RUN CONSECUTIVELY TO THE SENTENCE IN COUNT I, BOTH IN THE CUSTODY OF THE MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS.

FOR APPELLANT: JACOB THOMAS EVANS STUTZMAN.

FOR APPELLEE: OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL, BY: LADONNA C. HOLLAND.

BEFORE IRVING, P.J., BARNES AND CARLTON, JJ. LEE, C.J., IRVING, P.J., BARNES, ISHEE, ROBERTS, MAXWELL AND FAIR, JJ., CONCUR. GRIFFIS, P.J., CONCURS IN PART AND IN THE RESULT WITHOUT SEPARATE WRITTEN OPINION. JAMES, J., CONCURS IN PART WITHOUT SEPARATE WRITTEN OPINION.

OPINION

Page 486

NATURE OF THE CASE: CRIMINAL - FELONY

CARLTON, J.

[¶1] A Lowndes County jury found Corey Lathan guilty of armed robbery and burglary of a dwelling. Lathan now appeals and raises the following issues: (1) whether the prosecutor made improper comments to the jury during the State's closing argument; and (2) whether the circuit court erred by refusing Lathan's requested jury instruction on accomplice testimony. Finding no error, we affirm.

FACTS

[¶2] Around 10 p.m. on September 29, 2011, Karen Winter was watching the news when she heard a knock on her apartment door. Winter testified that she looked through her blinds and saw a black male standing outside the door. When Winter asked who was at the door, she thought the man responded that he was her upstairs neighbor. When Winter unlocked the door, the black male forced his way into her apartment and pointed a gun at her. Although the intruder wore a hoodie and had a bandana over his face, Winter testified that the man had dreadlocks that were about shoulder-length or longer.

[¶3] Although Winter was unsure of the exact number, she testified that several other black males stood behind the gunman. The intruders ordered Winter to lie on the floor, and they covered her head with a blanket and held a gun to the back of her neck. The intruders stole about eighty dollars from Winter's purse, a large jar of change, a flat-screen television, two laptop computers, a cell phone, two cordless home phones, a purse, some medication, and Winter's keys.

[¶4] Following the robbery, Winter asked a neighbor to phone the police, who arrived several minutes later. After speaking with Winter, the officers issued an alert about the robbery and the suspects. Officer David Criddle testified that he was nearby in a patrol car when he heard the alert. A little later Officer Criddle passed a dark-colored vehicle parked at an apartment complex several blocks away from the crime scene. Because the vehicle's interior light was on, Officer Criddle could see all the vehicle's occupants watching him. As soon as Officer Criddle passed the vehicle, it sped away. Officer Criddle then followed the vehicle and pulled it over after observing a traffic violation.

[¶5] Officer Criddle testified that six black males sat inside the vehicle. The police later identified these men as Lathan, Bobby Bluitt Jr., Demonta Gardner, Michael Satterfield, Jeremy Billups, and Tevin Oglen. Additional trial testimony revealed that, of the six men inside the vehicle, only Lathan possessed dreadlocks that were shoulder-length or longer.[1]

Page 487

[¶6] While waiting for other officers to arrive and assist him, Officer Criddle asked Bluitt to exit the vehicle and provide identification. Officer Criddle also asked a passenger sitting in the vehicle's back seat to exit, and when the man did so, Officer Criddle observed a black pistol on the vehicle floorboard. Officer Criddle testified that he also asked Lathan, who was sweating and acting nervous, to remove the hoodie he was wearing.

[¶7] After the additional police officers arrived to assist Officer Criddle, the men inside the vehicle were asked to exit one at a time. As Lathan exited the vehicle, an officer observed a second gun, a .22-caliber revolver, lying on the seat Lathan had just vacated. The officers checked the guns found inside the vehicle and discovered that both were loaded. In addition to the two guns, Officer Criddle testified that he observed a Toshiba laptop inside the vehicle, which the police confirmed was one of Winter's stolen laptops.

[¶8] During Lathan's trial, Bluitt, Oglen, and Satterfield each testified about the armed robbery and the burglary and the extent of their involvement in the crimes. Oglen and Satterfield both testified that Lathan actively participated in the crimes and that he was one of the men who possessed a gun during the commission of the crimes. Oglen and Satterfield also confirmed that, at the time of the armed robbery and the burglary, Lathan wore his hair in long dreadlocks that reached almost to his chest. All three men further testified that Lathan was with them both prior to and during the commission of the crimes and that he did not leave their company at any point before the police arrested them.

[¶9] Testifying on his own behalf, Lathan stated that he was at home with his mother and half-sister when the armed robbery and burglary took place. According to Lathan's testimony, he awoke from a nap a little after 10 p.m. and fixed some food. After eating his meal, he walked outside to smoke a cigarette. Lathan testified that Bluitt and the others drove up while he was outside smoking and that he climbed into the vehicle because he wanted to visit a girl. Lathan further testified that he had possessed no knowledge of the crimes committed earlier that night by the other men when he joined them in the vehicle. He also claimed that he saw no gun in his seat when he entered the vehicle.

[¶10] In addition to Lathan's testimony, his mother, Cheryl, testified that her son was at home with her and her daughter when the crimes occurred. Although she could not remember an exact time, Cheryl stated that Lathan went outside to smoke his cigarette after the news ended at 10:30 p.m. Cheryl also testified that Lathan had been gone only a few minutes when she learned that the police arrested him and the other men.

[¶11] After considering all the evidence and testimony, a jury found Lathan guilty of both counts charged in his indictment. For Count I, armed robbery, the circuit court judge sentenced Lathan to thirty years in the custody of the Mississippi Department of Corrections (MDOC). For Count II, burglary of a dwelling, the circuit court judge sentenced Lathan to fifteen years in the custody of MDOC, with five years suspended and ten years to serve. The circuit court judge also ordered the sentence in Count II to run consecutively to the sentence in Count I.

Page 488

[¶12] Following his conviction, Lathan filed a motion for a judgment notwithstanding the verdict or, in the alternative, a new trial, which the circuit court denied. Aggrieved by his conviction and the circuit court's ruling, Lathan now appeals to this Court.

DISCUSSION

I. Whether the prosecutor made improper comments to the jury during the State's ...


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