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Crimm v. Colvin

United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Northern Division

September 30, 2014



TOM S. LEE, District Judge.

This cause is before the court on the objections of plaintiff Margaret Crimm to the report and recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge John M. Roper entered on July 8, 2014, recommending that plaintiff's motion for summary judgment be denied and the government's motion to affirm the decision of the Commissioner be granted. Based on the following, the court, having fully reviewed the report and recommendation and the record herein, finds that the report and recommendation should be adopted over the objections of plaintiff as the opinion of the court.

In the course of reaching his decision that plaintiff is not under a disability, the ALJ found the following "severe impairments": hypertension; obesity; peripheral artery disease; osteoarthritis of the back, hip and knees; mood disorder; and depression. Considering the record as a whole, with these severe impairments in mind, the ALJ concluded that plaintiff retained the following residual functional capacity (RFC):

The claimant can participate in occasional climbing.
The claimant is capable of understanding and carrying out instructions.
The claimant is capable of maintaining attention and concentration adequately for two-hour periods within an eight-hour workday.
The claimant is able to complete a normal workweek without excessive interruptions from psychological symptoms.
The claimant is able to interact appropriately with coworkers and supervisors in a limited basis.
The claimant can adapt to a work setting.

At plaintiff's hearing, the ALJ's hypothetical to the Vocational Expert (VE) mirrored this RFC. The ALJ ultimately concluded that plaintiff is capable of returning to her past relevant work as a cashier, sewing machine operator and retail store operator, such that she is not disabled.

Plaintiff first objects that the ALJ not only erred in according "very little weight" to the opinion of her treating physician, Dr. Witcher, but also failed to abide by pertinent regulations in evaluating Dr. Witcher's opinions. Dr. Witcher completed a form entitled "Medical Opinion Re: Ability to Do Work-Related Activities, " whereby he opined that "claimant is capable of less than sedentary work; is limited to sitting for only two hours total each workday; must perform frequent positional changes, including the need to lie down; can never perform stooping, crouching, or climbing; should avoid exposure to pulmonary irritants and hazards; and will need to miss more three days a month due to her impairments." When prompted by the form to identify the medical findings which supported his assigned limitations, Dr. Witcher stated only "abnormal MRI of L spine"[1] and "pain in back, hips, knees and legs."

In according Dr. Witcher's opinions "very light weight, " the ALJ found that Dr. Witcher's opinions were "directly contrary to the objective medical evidence" and were not support by specifics. Regarding the first of the ALJ's reasons for discounting Dr. Witcher's opinion, while the ALJ could have been more clear, it seems obvious that, at least some of the objective medical evidence which he finds contrary to Dr. Witcher's opinions, is Dr. Lewis's May 2009 consulting examination. During his examination, Dr. Lewis found that plaintiff could flex her back, had no noticeable joint problems and exhibited negative straight leg raising and normal reflexes. Additionally, Dr. Lewis reported that x-rays of plaintiff's chest and lumbar spine were negative. While Dr. Lewis did not provide an RFC, it is clear that the RFC found by non-examining physician Dr. Griffin, whose opinion was accorded great weight the ALJ, was predicated on Dr. Lewis's objective examination findings.

Regarding the ALJ's second basis for discounting Dr. Witcher's testimony, the court agrees with the ALJ that Dr. Witcher's citation to an MRI without further explanation as to how the alleged "abnormalities" noted therein impacted plaintiff's ability to perform work-related activities, is insufficiently specific. Notably, Dr. Witcher did not purport to sustain his opinions with citation to any other objective findings in his treatment history of plaintiff. It is the court's opinion that substantial evidence supports the ALJ's decision to accord Dr. Witcher's opinion "very little weight."

Further, the court regards any error by the ALJ to explicitly address each factor set forth in 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527 and 416.927 to be harmless.[2] The court first notes that the ALJ's opinion does recite that he considered opinion evidence in accordance with these regulations (as well as the pertinent Social Security Rulings). Further, although not expressly detailed by the ALJ, the record contained all of the information required for all but one of the remaining factors, the specialization of the treating physician. Specifically, the medical records show the length of plaintiff's relationship with Dr. Witcher, the frequency of the examination, and the nature and extent of his treating relationship. The ALJ represented that he viewed all of the evidence he was required to consider under the regulations and is unlikely to change his mind if he were to consider it again. Plaintiff's objection is overruled.

By her second objection, plaintiff complains that the mental RFC assessed by the state agency mental health consultant, is fraught with internal errors such that it does not adequately account for plaintiff's severe mental impairments. She maintains that it necessarily follows that the hypothetical posed to the vocational expert (VE) predicated on this RFC was incomplete and as such the opinions of the VE in response thereto do not amount to substantial evidence supporting the conclusion that plaintiff is not disabled. Plaintiff's argument in this regard is rejected. See Land v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec. , 494 F.Appx. 47 (11th Cir. 2012) (rejecting "Land's argument because it fails to consider all the relevant medical and other evidence' that was available to the ALJ. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1545(a)(3). The Social Security Administration's Programs Operations Manual System (POMS) clarifies that the boxes checked by [the doctors] are only part of a worksheet that does not constitute the [doctors' actual] RFC assessment.' POMS DI § 24510.060(B)(2). Checking the box Moderately Limited' means only that the claimant's capacity is impaired; it does not indicate the degree and extent of the limitation. See id. § 24510.063(B)(2). After checking the boxes as an aid, ' id. § 24510.060(B)(2), a doctor is then required to detail his actual RFC assessment."); Jones v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec. , 478 F.Appx. 610 (11th Cir. 2012) (same).

Based on the foregoing, it is ordered that plaintiff's objections to the report and recommendation are overruled. It is further ordered that the report and recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge John M. Roper be, and the same is hereby, adopted as the finding of the court. It follows then that plaintiff's motion for summary judgment is denied and defendant's motion to affirm is granted, such that the action will be dismissed with prejudice.

A separate judgment will be entered in accordance with Rule 58 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.


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