United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Western Division
DANIEL P. JORDAN, III, District Judge.
This breach-of-contract case is before the Court on Defendants' Motion for Partial Summary Judgment . Defendants contend that Plaintiffs' failure to respond to properlyserved requests for admissions entitles them to judgment as a matter of law on their counterclaims. Because it is unclear whether Defendants properly served the requests for admissions, the motion is denied.
I. Facts and Procedural History
Plaintiffs David and Linda Miller contracted with Defendant Seigen 7 Development, LLC, to construct a home for the Millers on property they owned in Chatawa, Mississippi. At some point before construction was completed, the Millers asked Seigen 7 to cease working on the house. The Millers filed this breach-of-contract case against Seigen 7 and its owner, Tom Guerin, in the Circuit Court of Pike County, Mississippi. Defendants removed the case to this Court and ultimately filed breach-of-contract and negligence counterclaims against the Millers. Am. Answer & Countercl. .
On January 23, 2014, counsel for Seigen 7 filed a Notice of Service of Interrogatories  and a Notice of Service of Request for Production , and on January 30, 2014, Seigen 7 filed a Notice of Service of Request for Admissions . Defendants did not mail hard copies of the discovery requests to Plaintiffs' counsel; instead, Defendants' lawyers' assistant emailed the discovery requests to Plaintiffs' counsel. The Millers did not respond to the requests for admissions, and Defendants filed their Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on April 17, 2014. The Court has personal and subject-matter jurisdiction and is prepared to rule.
Defendants' motion is based entirely on requests for admission they claim they served on the Millers. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 36 permits a party to "serve on any other party a written request to admit, for purposes of the pending action only, the truth of any matters within the scope of Rule 26(b)(1)...." Fed.R.Civ.P. 36(a)(1). Under the Rule, "[a] matter is admitted unless, within 30 days after being served, the party to whom the request is directed serves on the requesting party a written answer or objection addressed to the matter and signed by the party or its attorney." Id. R. 36(a)(3). The question is whether Defendants "served" the requests when they emailed them to the Millers' attorney.
Rule 5 governs service. It provides that service shall be made on a party represented by counsel by serving the party's attorney. Id. R. 5(b)(1). As for the appropriate means of service, the rule states that service may be made by "sending [a document] by electronic means if the person [upon whom service is being made] consented in writing-in which event service is complete upon transmission...." Id. R. 5(b)(2)(E).
Defendants assert that the Millers' attorneys consented in writing to accept service of discovery requests by email when they registered for the Court's Electronic Case Filing ("ECF") system. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 5(d)(3) and Local Rule 5(c), the Court has adopted Administrative Procedures for ECF filing. In order to register to file electronically, an attorney must complete, sign, and submit a registration form. The registration form provides that "[a]n attorney's registration will constitute a waiver of conventional service of documents. The attorney agrees to accept service of notice on behalf of the electronic filing by hand, facsimile or authorized e-mail." Administrative Procedures for Electronic Case Filing, Form 1 (Aug. 2014), available at www.mssd.uscourts.gov/sites/mssd/files/administrative_procedures.pdf. Defendants are correct that the Millers' attorneys would have signed this registration form in order to participate in the Court's ECF system. And the first sentence of the form would support this argument. But the second sentence leaves doubt whether the registration amounts to consent to service of discovery documents-which are not filed in the ECF system-by electronic means.
Reading the ECF registration form in the context of the Administrative Procedures suggests that the consent may apply only to documents that are electronically filed. Specifically, Section 4 of the Administrative Procedures, entitled Electronic Service of Documents, discusses "Service of Filed Documents on Parties" (emphasis added). That section explains:
The system will generate a "Notice of Electronic Filing" when any document is filed. This notice represents service of the document on parties who are registered participants with the system.... [T]he filing party will not be required to serve any pleading or other documents on any party receiving electronic notice.
Administrative Procedures for Electronic Case Filing, Section 4(A)(1) (Aug. 2014), available at www.mssd.uscourts.gov/sites/mssd/files/administrative_procedures.pdf. The section specifies that a summons and complaint may not be electronically served but does not deal separately with service of discovery documents.
It is simply not clear whether the procedures contemplate electronic service of discovery documents-which are not filed-and therefore whether the registration form constitutes consent to such service. It seems that service of discovery via electronic means is now commonplace, and parties would be wise to resolve any ambiguity when they receive a notice of filing. But given the ambiguity in the rules, dismissal is too draconian.
Finally, it is not plain to the Court that, even if the admissions stood, Defendants would be entitled to summary judgment on their counterclaims. The limited briefing on the motion does not address any potential defenses to the counterclaims. Both the Millers and Defendants assert that the other party breached the contract first, and the admissions do not seem to ...