United States District Court, S.D. Mississippi, Eastern Division
August 21, 2014
DIANE STARK, Plaintiff,
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI, JEFF HAMMOND, INDIVIDUALLY AND OFFICIALLY, DR. MARTHA SAUNDERS, INDIVIDUALLY AND OFFICIALLY; BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF STATE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING, Defendants.
OPINION AND ORDER
KEITH STARRETT, District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on the Defendant Dr. Martha Saunders' Motion to Dismiss as to State Law Claims , Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment , and Motion to Strike . For the reasons stated below, each motion will be denied.
Plaintiff Diane Stark asserts numerous federal and state law claims relating to her former employment with the University of Southern Mississippi ("USM") as the Senior Associate Athletics Director for Internal Affairs. Defendant Dr. Martha Saunders was the President of USM at certain times relevant to the Plaintiff's employment. Defendant Jeff Hammond was the Interim Athletics Director at certain times relevant to the Plaintiff's employment. The Defendant Board of Trustees of State Institutions of Higher Learning is charged with the management and control of Mississippi's state institutions of higher learning, such as USM, under Mississippi law. See Miss. Const. art. 8, § 213-A; Miss. Code Ann. § 37-101-1. Further background information regarding this dispute is contained in the Court's prior Orders. ( See Doc. Nos. , , .)
Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment 
On March 25, 2014, the Court granted in part and denied in part Dr. Saunders' Motion to Dismiss , which sought the dismissal of all claims asserted against her in her individual capacity under Title 42 U.S.C. § 1983. ( See Mem. Op. & Order .) The following of the Plaintiff's claims were dismissed without prejudice: (i) First Amendment retaliation claim; (ii) Equal Protection unequal pay claim; (iii) Procedural Due Process claim based on the existence of an alleged oral contract; (iv) Procedural Due Process claim based on McArn v. Allied Bruce-Terminix Co., 626 So.2d 603 (Miss. 1993); and (v) Substantive Due Process claim. Plaintiff's Procedural Due Process claim based on USM's employee handbook and Equal Protection failure to promote claim survived past the pleading stage. Nonetheless, the Court provided that Dr. Saunders could seek dismissal of these remaining claims at the summary stage or at trial.
Dr. Saunders now seeks reconsideration of the Court's refusal to dismiss Plaintiff's Equal Protection (failure to promote) and Procedural Due Process (employee handbook) claims pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e). The Fifth Circuit has provided that Rule 59(e) governs a motion seeking reconsideration of a ruling when the motion is filed within twenty-eight days of judgment. See Demahy v. Schwarz Pharma, Inc., 702 F.3d 177, 182 n.2 (5th Cir. 2012) (citation omitted), cert. denied, 134 S.Ct. 57 (2013). The Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment  was filed twenty-eight days after the entry of the subject Memorandum Opinion and Order . Therefore, Rule 59(e) and its interpretive precedent will be applied.
"[A]mending a judgment is appropriate (1) where there has been an intervening change in the controlling law; (2) where the movant presents newly discovered evidence that was previously unavailable; or (3) to correct a manifest error of law or fact." Demahy, 702 F.3d at 182 (citing Schiller v. Physicians Res. Grp. Inc., 342 F.3d 563, 567 (5th Cir. 2003)). Dr. Saunders' motion is limited to the third ground of the preceding standard. With respect to this ground, the court has previously cautioned that the litigant "should evaluate whether what may seem to be a clear error of law is in fact simply a point of disagreement between the Court and the litigant." Atkins v. Marathon LeTourneau Co., 130 F.R.D. 625, 626 (S.D.Miss. 1990). A Rule 59(e) motion is not a proper vehicle for raising arguments or legal theories that could have been presented prior to the entry of the challenged ruling. See Demahy, 702 F.3d at 182 (citing Marseilles Homeowners Condo. Ass'n v. Fidelity Nat. Ins. Co., 542 F.3d 1053, 1058 (5th Cir. 2008)). "Whatever may be the purpose of Rule 59(e), it should not be supposed that it is intended to give an unhappy litigant one additional chance to sway the judge." Nationwide Mut. Fire Ins. Co. v. Pham, 193 F.R.D. 493, 494 (S.D.Miss. 2000) (citation omitted).
Dr. Saunders has failed to evidence any manifest error of law or fact in the Court's Memorandum Opinion and Order . Instead, Dr. Saunders' reconsideration motion presents points of disagreement with the Court's finding that certain of the Plaintiff's allegations pass scrutiny under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Several of Dr. Saunders' arguments "could, and should, have been made before the judgment issued", and none require a departure from the Court's ruling. United Nat'l Ins. Co. v. Mundell Terminal Servs., Inc., 740 F.3d 1022, 1031 (5th Cir. 2014) (quoting Advocare Int'l LP v. Horizon Labs., Inc., 524 F.3d 679, 691 (5th Cir. 2008)). For instance, there was no error in the Court's consideration of a prima facie case of gender discrimination under Title VII in determining the adequacy of the Plaintiff's equal protection allegations under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 since Title VII and § 1983 are "parallel" avenues of recovery. Furthermore, the Court appropriately took notice of the Plaintiff's EEOC Charges of Discrimination in evaluating her claim of discrimination "based upon" or "because of" her gender since they are documents of public record and are referenced in the Complaint. The Court also considered whether the Plaintiff alleged facts as to Dr. Saunders' personal involvement in the purported constitutional violations since a supervisory official "cannot be held liable under § 1983 for the actions of subordinates on any theory of vicarious liability." Hampton v. Oktibbeha County Sheriff Dep't, 480 F.3d 358, 365 (5th Cir. 2007) (citing Thibodeaux v. Arceneaux, 768 F.2d 737, 739 (5th Cir. 1985)). As to certain claims, such as the Plaintiff's unequal pay allegation, the Complaint was found to be devoid of factual content leading to the reasonable inference that Dr. Saunders was personally involved in the alleged violation. As to the Equal Protection and Due Process claims still before the Court, the Plaintiff was found to have pled sufficient facts to support § 1983 individual liability. In short, Dr. Saunders' disagreements reveal no erroneous legal rulings and the Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment  will be denied.
Motion to Dismiss as to State Law Claims 
This motion will be denied without prejudice. Dr. Saunders has recently moved for summary judgment on all of the Plaintiff's remaining claims asserted against her in her individual and official capacities. ( See Doc. Nos. , .) In seeking summary judgment, Dr. Saunders incorporates by reference the grounds and arguments presented in her prior request for the dismissal of the Plaintiff's state law claims. The Court will consider the bases for dismissal presented in Dr. Saunders' Motion to Dismiss as to State Law Claims  in ruling on summary judgment.
Motion to Strike 
This motion will be denied as moot. The motion is aimed at eight pages of deposition testimony attached as an exhibit to the Plaintiff's Reply  in support of her Motion to Strike Motion to Dismiss . The Plaintiff's Motion to Strike Motion to Dismiss  was denied on April 3, 2014. ( See Op. & Order .) To the extent the subject deposition testimony relates to Dr. Saunders' Motion to Dismiss as to State Law Claims , that motion is being denied for the above-discussed reasons.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that the Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment  is denied.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that the Motion to Dismiss as to State Law Claims  is denied without prejudice.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that the Motion to Strike  is denied as moot.