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Free v. Commissioner of Social Security

United States District Court, Fifth Circuit

December 9, 2013



DAVID A. SANDERS, Magistrate Judge.

The parties have not consented to have the magistrate judge conduct all of the hearings in this case; therefore, the undersigned submits this report and recommendation. The defendant has moved to dismiss this action asserting the complaint was not filed within the sixty day statute of limitations established by 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). The statute of limitations for seeking judicial review of the Commissioner's decision runs from the date the plaintiff receives notice of the final decision. By regulation, in the absence of a reasonable showing to the contrary, the plaintiff is presumed to have received any decision within five days of the date of mailing. 20 C.F.R. § 422.210 (c). In support of its motion, the defendant has submitted the affidavit of Patrick J. Herbst, Acting Chief of the Court Preparation and Review Branch 4 of the Office of Appellate Operations, in the Office of Adjudication and Review in the Social Security Administration. The affidavit sets out that the Appeals Council decision denying review was mailed to the claimant and her counsel on May 11, 2013, but the complaint was not filed until July 19, 2013. By the Commissioner's calculation, the plaintiff had to file her complaint by July 15, 2013.

In response, plaintiff submitted her counsel's affidavit which stated he did not receive the decision until May 20, 2013. With this date, the plaintiff's complaint was filed on time on the sixtieth day. The plaintiff also submitted counsel's copy of the Appeals Council notice with a "date received" stamp showing May 20, 2013. She also points out that May 11, 2013 was a Saturday.

In reply, the Commissioner points out that the pertinent date is the date on which the individual, not her representative received the notice.

First, the undersigned credits the showing by counsel that he did not receive the notice until May 20, 2013. Because there is no reason to anticipate a difference between when the plaintiff received the decision and when her lawyer did, given their proximity to one another, the undersigned reports that the regulatory presumption of delivery within five days of the decision has been rebutted and the court should find the notice was received only on May 20, 2013. The complaint, would therefore be was timely filed.

The plaintiff has, however, supplemented her response and submitted the envelope she received from the Appeals Council. The postmark shown is May 15, 2013. Therefore, there is no question that the plaintiff filed her complaint on time. The motion to dismiss should be denied. The defendant should be ordered to its answer the complaint within twenty days of the court's order on the motion to dismiss.

The parties are referred to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Local Rule 72(a)(3) for the appropriate procedure in the event any party desires to file objections to these findings and recommendations. Objections must be in writing and must be filed within fourteen days of this date. Failure to timely file objections to the proposed findings and recommendations will bar an aggrieved party from challenging on appeal both the proposed factual findings and the proposed legal conclusions that are accepted by the district court. Douglass v. United Services Automobile Association, 79 F.3d 1415 (5th Cir. 1996).

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