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Pride v. Fema

United States District Court, Fifth Circuit

October 30, 2013

CHARLES P. PRIDE, Plaintiff,
v.
FEMA, Federal Emergency Management, Agency; MALE AND FEMALE JOHN DOES who may also be known as PHILLIP STROUSE and SUE ANN LONDON, FEMA TRAILER MANAGERS in their official and individual capacities; BILOXI DIRECTOR OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT JERRY CREEL in his official and individual capacity; BILOXI CITY CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER MIKE ANDREWS in his official and individual capacity, AS PREVIOUSLY UNKNOWN DEFENDANTS. OTHER UNKNOWN DEFENDANTS, Defendants,

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING JERRY CREEL AND MIKE ANDREWS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT

HALIL SULEYMAN OZERDEN, District Judge.

BEFORE THE COURT is the Motion [95] for Summary Defendant, filed by Defendants Jerry Creel and Mike Andrews. Pro se Plaintiff, Charles P. Pride, has filed a Response [127], and Creel and Andrews have filed a Reply [133]. Pride also addresses his claims against Creel and Andrews in his Motion [97] for Summary Judgment, Memorandum in Support [98], and Reply [130], and the Court will consider these filings and attached exhibits when ruling on the instant Motion [95]. After consideration of Creel and Andrews' Motion [95] for Summary Judgment, the record, and relevant legal authorities, the Court finds that, because Pride's claims against Creel and Andrews are barred by the doctrine of res judicata, Creel and Andrews' Motion [95] for Summary Judgment should be granted. Pride's claims against Creel and Andrews will be dismissed with prejudice.

I. BACKGROUND

A. Procedural History

Jerry Creel is the Community Development Director for the City of Biloxi, Mississippi, and Mike Andrews is a former City of Biloxi Code Enforcement Officer. Def.'s Mot. [95] for Summ. J. at pp. 1-2. On January 18, 2011, Pride filed the instant suit against the Federal Emergency Management Agency ("FEMA") and Creel and Andrews, in their official and individual capacities. Pride previously sued Creel and Andrews in a separate action in this Court, Pride v. City of Biloxi et al., Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW. Pride filed the previous action on March 5, 2010, and on January 22, 2013, a Final Judgment was rendered in favor of Creel and Andrews. Pl.'s Compl. [1] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW; Final J. [104] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW. Pride appealed the Final Judgement, and his appeal is currently pending before the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals as Case No. 13-60359. The claims raised in Pride's first action against Creel and Andrews are pertinent to the resolution of this case.

B. Factual Background

Following Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, FEMA leased Pride a travel trailer for temporary housing, pursuant to its authority under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act of 1988 ("Stafford Act"), 42 U.S.C. ยงยง 5121-5207, and implementing regulations. Pride signed a Lease with FEMA for the trailer, and the Lease term began on March 12, 2006. Lease [114-1] at pp. 4-5. On January 5, 2009, nearly three and half years after Hurricane Katrina, FEMA deactivated the travel trailer and retrieved it from Pride's property. FEMA Temporary Housing Unit Inspection Report [114-1] at p. 6. For purposes of context and subsequent analysis, the Court will summarize the circumstances leading up to and following FEMA's retrieval of the travel trailer, whether or not they are pertinent to Pride's claims now before the Court.

On April 11, 2004, prior to Hurricane Katrina, Pride was issued a citation by the City of Biloxi for "extreme amounts of debris, trash, white goods, equipment, and abandoned or junked vehicles" on his property in violation of several municipal ordinances. Notice of Violation [83-1] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW. Documents submitted by Pride indicate that the City of Biloxi cleaned the property and levied a special assessment against it in the amount of $690 for cleaning costs. City of Biloxi Agenda Item [97-3] at p. 2. On January 31, 2006, after Hurricane Katrina, Pride was issued a citation by the City of Biloxi for numerous code violations involving a dilapidated residential structure and the accumulation of trash, appliances, white goods, offensive substances, weeds, and debris on his property. Notice of Violation [83-2] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW. Documents submitted by Pride indicate that he was convicted of the 2006 charges and fined $4, 000. Municipal Court Doc. [95-1] at pp. 15-16. On January 4, 2008, Pride was again cited by the City of Biloxi for "growth, trash, debris, white goods, appliances, offensive substances, trailer (FEMA) w/out permit, repair of unfit, or dangerous structure - Repeat Violation!" Notice of Violation [83-3] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW. Documents submitted by Pride indicate that he was also convicted of the 2008 charges, fined $2, 230, and sentenced to serve 30 days suspended in jail. Municipal Court Doc. [97-1] at p. 17. Pride claims that his 2006 and 2008 convictions were overturned on appeal. Pl.'s Resp. [127] at pp. 6-7. He has submitted court documents indicating that he appealed these convictions, but he has not submitted any court documents indicating that these convictions were overturned.

During the period of July through December 2008, Pride was not living in his FEMA trailer in Biloxi but was instead living in Wisconsin, where he owned a residence. Pl.'s Resp. [130] at p. 3; Dep. of Pride [95-7] at p. 5; FEMA Addendum to Lease [97-2] at pp. 16-17. Pride submits that he was not living in the FEMA trailer at this time because he was awaiting approval for an elevation grant to remodel his Biloxi residence. Dep. of Pride [95-7] at pp. 5-6. Pride admits, however, that he regularly spent several months out of the year residing in Wisconsin during the time that he was leasing the FEMA trailer in Biloxi. Dep. of Pride [95-7] at p. 4. Before leaving for Wisconsin, Pride would have the power company disconnect the electricity to the FEMA trailer. Pl.'s Resp. [130] at p. 2; Dep. of Pride [95-7] at pp. 3-6.

The state of Pride's property, the condition of the FEMA trailer, and Pride's absence from the area were a matter of concern to both the City of Biloxi and FEMA. Various Emails [97-1] at pp. 32, 34; Various Emails [97-2] at pp. 1-4, 6-10, 12-13. It appeared to some FEMA and Biloxi representatives that Pride had abandoned the FEMA trailer. Various Emails [97-1] at pp. 32, 34; Various Emails [97-2] at pp. 1-4, 6-10, 12-13. On July 23, 2008, a structural feasability inspection was performed by the City Biloxi on the house on Pride's property. Summary of Structural Feasability Inspection [83-4] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW.

On October 21, 2008, the Biloxi City Council held a public hearing regarding Pride's property. Pride failed to appear. Council Minutes [83-7] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW. On October 28, 2008, the City Council determined that Pride's property was "in such a state of uncleanliness as to be a menace to the public health and safety of the community in [its] present condition." Resolution No. 718-08 [95-1] at p. 6. The City Council directed Creel to notify Pride to clean his property by "cutting all weeds, filling cisterns, removing rubbish, dilapidated buildings and other debris, and draining cesspools and water therefrom within (10) days from the date of receipt of the notice...." Id. In the event that Pride did not comply within ten days of receiving notice, the City Council authorized Creel to have the property cleaned and further authorized the assessment of cleaning costs as a lien against the property. Id.

By letter dated November 25, 2008, Creel wrote a letter to FEMA specialist Kelly Derouen, informing her that a Biloxi code enforcement officer had inspected the FEMA trailer issued to Pride and determined that the power was disconnected and that the trailer was "being used for storage only and no longer as a residence." Letter [127-1] at p. 24. On December 2, 2008, Creel wrote another letter to Derouen advising her that the trailer leased to Pride "remains unoccupied, without electrical service and is currently being used only for storage." Id. at p. 30. In this letter, Creel informs Derouen that "[t]he Temporary Storm Trailer Permit issued to Charles P. Pride expired on August 8, 2008[, ] and for the reasons stated above, it will not be renewed. Please see fit to remove this trailer at your earliest convenience." Id.

FEMA specialist Carolyn Stafford contacted Pride by telephone on December 9, 2008, and advised him that the FEMA trailer "must be deactivated since he has been out of town for three months and has not used the unit as permanent housing, there are no utilities connected, nor has he met with his CW." Stafford Note [127-1] at p. 45. Stafford informed Pride that "FEMA could not allow [the] unit to remain on site without the proper permits from the City." Id. Pride indicated that he understood and subsequently wrote Stafford a letter, stating: "Despite having a real need for this housing for my elevation and rebuild this winter[, ] I understand that per Biloxi's request the trailer will be removed on Jan. 5/09." Pride Letter [97-3] at p. 34. On January 5, 2009, Pride was present when FEMA arrived to retrieve the trailer, and he signed a FEMA Temporary Housing Unit Inspection Report, indicating that he was moving out and returning the trailer to FEMA. Id. The Inspection Report notes that the trailer was returned with extensive interior damage and without its battery, a tire, and two mattresses.

On January 15, 2009, a police officer hand delivered a letter to Pride from Creel. Letter [83-9] in Civil Action No. 1:10cv100-LG-RHW. Creel also sent the letter by certified mail, and Pride signed for it on January 16, 2009. Id. Creel's letter informed Pride that in ten days his property would be cleaned, including "the demolition of the existing residential structure, the removal of trash, debris and the overgrowth.... If there is anything of value that you wish to retain, it must be removed from the property prior to the expiration of this notice." Id. Pride did not clean his property within ten days of receiving notice. On January 21, 2009, in preparation for the impending demolition of the dilapidated structure and well after FEMA had retrieved the travel trailer, Creel wrote letters to the Biloxi Water Department and Mississippi Power Company requesting that no new service be provided to the residence at Pride's address without prior approval of the Building Division of the City of Biloxi. Aff. of Creel [95-1] at p. 2; Letters [95-1] at pp. 11-12. On February 4, 2009, Creel ...


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