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Carroll v. State

Court of Appeals of Mississippi

August 27, 2013

Wiley Z. CARROLL a/k/a Wiley Zachary Carroll, Appellant
v.
STATE of Mississippi, Appellee.

Page 472

Wiley Z. Carroll, appellant, pro se.

Office of the Attorney General by Laura Hogan Tedder, attorney for appellee.

Before GRIFFIS, P.J., MAXWELL and FAIR, JJ.

FAIR, J.

¶ 1. Wiley Carroll was banished from the Third Circuit Court District as a condition of his post-release supervision. He appeals the dismissal of his post-conviction-relief (PCR) petition for removal of the banishment restriction as illegal. He also claims his counsel was ineffective in allowing him to agree to an illegal sentence. Because the record before us does not indicate whether the trial court addressed the requisite banishment considerations, as articulated in

Page 473

Cobb v. State, 437 So.2d 1218, 1220-21 (Miss.1983), we reverse and remand.

STANDARD OF REVIEW

¶ 2. The trial court may summarily dismiss a PCR motion without an evidentiary hearing " [i]f it plainly appears from the face of the motion, any annexed exhibits and the prior proceedings in the case that the movant is not entitled to any relief." Miss.Code Ann. § 99-39-11(2) (Supp.2012). To succeed on appeal, the petitioner must: (1) make a substantial showing of the denial of a state or federal right and (2) show that the claim is procedurally alive. Young v. State, 731 So.2d 1120, 1122 (¶ 9) (Miss.1999).

¶ 3. When reviewing the denial of a PCR motion, an appellate court " will not disturb the trial court's factual findings unless they are found to be clearly erroneous." Callins v. State, 975 So.2d 219, 222 (¶ 8) (Miss.2008). Our review of the summary dismissal of a PCR motion, a question of law, is de novo. Young, 731 So.2d at 1122 (¶ 9).

FACTS

¶ 4. On February 11, 2004, Carroll pled guilty to attempted robbery and was sentenced to twenty years in the custody of the Mississippi Department of Corrections, with nine years to serve, eleven years suspended, and the first five years of suspended incarceration on post-release supervision. In exchange for his plea, the State agreed to drop other charges pending against both him and his wife. As a condition of the post-release supervision portion of his sentence, Carroll was banished from the Third Circuit Court District. He made no objection to the banishment at the plea hearing.

¶ 5. The transcript of the plea hearing shows that the prosecution requested banishment to assist Carroll in his rehabilitation, and Carroll joined in that request. Specifically, the goal was to help Carroll avoid persons and places of disrepute or criminal activity. When asked whether he understood the implications of the banishment provision, Carroll stated that he did:

Q. [A]nd, finally they're asking the Court to order that in order to assist you in your rehabilitation and avoid persons and places of disrepute or criminal activity that upon your release from the penitentiary you reside outside of the Third Circuit Court District. That means, Benton, Tippah, Marshall, Lafayette, Union, Calhoun and Chickasaw Counties.
You understand the recommendation that's going to be made in this case by the District Attorney's office as to sentencing?
A. Yes, sir.
Q. All right.
Q. The Court is going to accept the recommendation if I accept your plea of guilty, and that's the sentence I am going to impose. You need to understand the implications of the sentence because with eleven years suspended, when you get out of the penitentiary if you violate your probation, you could get those eleven years; do you understand that?
A: Yes, sir.
Q: Okay. The part about remaining outside of the Third Judicial District, the Third Circuit Court District that I just talked about with you a minute ago, is that a condition of your release and probation that you are prepared to accept and live with?
A: Yes, sir.

Page 474

(Emphasis added). After accepting Carroll's guilty plea, the judge stated the following to Carroll:

Finally, based on your stated desire and agreement to leave the Third Judicial District, this Court is going to include in this order that you will, as an additional effort at rehabilitation upon your release from the penitentiary that you will refrain from residing in or traveling through the Third Circuit Court District and that you will, of course, avoid persons and places of disrepute both in the Third Circuit Court District and elsewhere....

DISCUSSION

¶ 6. Mississippi Code Annotated section 99-39-21(1) (Rev.2007) states the following:

Failure by a prisoner to raise objections, defenses, claims, questions, issues or errors either in fact or law which were capable of determination at trial and/or on direct appeal, regardless of whether such are based on the laws and the Constitution of the state of Mississippi or of the United ...

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