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JUAREZ L. KEYES v. STATE OF MISSISSIPPI

SEPTEMBER 27, 1989

JUAREZ L. KEYES
v.
STATE OF MISSISSIPPI



BEFORE DAN M. LEE, P.J.; PRATHER AND ROBERTSON, JJ.

ROBERTSON, JUSTICE, FOR THE COURT:

Today's appeal asks that we review the order of the Circuit Court of Hinds County denying the application of Juarez L. Keyes that five of the six sentences of imprisonment under which he is now held be stripped of their enhanced, i.e., no parole, status originally ordered under Miss. Code Ann. 99-19-81 (Supp. 1989). The net effect of these sentences is rather stiff - fifty-seven (57) years imprisonment without eligibility for probation or parole. Upon a careful review of the record and particularly the course of proceedings before the Circuit Court on Keyes' various guilty pleas, we find that his rights were scrupulously regarded. The Circuit Court was well within its authority when it denied Keyes post-conviction relief.

Keyes was born on June 7, 1955. On September 30, 1983, Keyes entered pleas of guilty to six separate charges, several of which had been reduced from those in the indictment.

 The Circuit Court conducted the plea hearing and found that Keyes' pleas had been voluntarily and knowingly entered. Thereafter, Keyes was sentenced as follows: (1) Case No. X-620H (rape) Keyes was sentenced as an habitual offender under Section 99-19-81 to serve a term of thirty-seven (37) years in the custody of the Mississippi Department of Corrections; (2) in No. X-618H (robbery) Keyes was sentenced as an habitual offender under Section 99-19-81 to serve a term of fifteen (15) years in the custody of MDOC; said sentence to run concurrent to the sentence in No. X-620H; (3) in No. X-306 (burglary) Keyes was sentenced to serve a term of ten (10) years in the custody of MDOC, said sentence to run concurrent to Nos. X-620H, X-618H and X-306; (4) No. in X-619H (burglary) Keyes was sentenced as an

 habitual offender under Section 99-19-81 to serve a term of ten (10) years in the custody of MDOC, said sentence to run concurrent to Nos. X-620H, X-618H, and X-306; (5) in No. X-616H (aggravated assault) Keyes was sentenced as an habitual offender under Section 99-19-81 to serve a term of twenty (20) years in MDOC, said sentence to run consecutive to Nos. X-620H, X-618H, X-306 and X-619H; and (6) in No. X-617H (breaking out of a closure after commission of a crime) Keyes was sentenced as an habitual offender to serve a term of ten (10) years in the MDOC, said sentence to run concurrent with No. X-616H, but consecutive to Nos. X-620H, X-618H, X-306 and X-619H.

 Keyes has applied for post-conviction relief, urging procedural irregularities in his sentences. Before the Circuit Court, Keyes sought to vacate the enhancement feature of his sentences in Cases Nos. X-620H (rape), X-618 (robbery), X-619H (burglary), X-616H (aggravated assault), and X-617H (breaking out of a closure after commission of a crime). Keyes' argument is that he was not given a separate hearing on the question of whether he should be sentenced as an habitual offender on these convictions.

 The record reflects that the two prior felony convictions relied upon for enhancement of sentence were separate robbery convictions in Cook County, Illinois. With respect to each of his five habitual offender sentences, the record reflects that on September 30, 1983, Keyes filed a Petition to Enter Guilty Plea, in each of which he represented that he had been advised by his lawyer as to the maximum punishment and, more specifically, that he understood" that if I am sentenced as a habitual criminal, I will not be eligible for parole. "At Keyes' sentencing hearing in the Circuit Court, the following transpired with respect to these prior convictions:

 Q. You also understand that on this charge as well as the rest of the charges, that you're charged as a habitual and the indictment - the remaining indictments charged that you've previously been convicted of robbery in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, on August the 29th, 1979, in Cause No. 79-1762 - 60 - excuse me, 602 and the charge of plain robbery in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, on August the 5th, 1977, in Cause No. 75-2590 and that on each of those charges they arose out of separate incidents and they were separately - and that on each one of them you were sentenced to separate terms of one year or more in the penal institution. Do you understand that you're being charged as a habitual on that one?

 A. Yes.

 Q. Have you in fact been convicted of those two charges?

 A. Yes.

 Q. In Illinois?

 A. Yes, sir.

 Q. Again, have you gone over all of the facts of this case of this ...


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