ON PETITION FOR REHEARING
DAN LEE, JUSTICE, FOR THE COURT:
This cause comes to us upon Petitions For Rehearing filed by both parties after our original opinion in this cause was handed down December 19, 1984. The Petitions for Rehearing are denied; however, our original opinion is withdrawn and this one is substituted therefor.
This is an appeal from the Chancery Court of Washington County wherein the chancellor, sitting pursuant to 21-1-33 Miss. Code Ann. (1972), decreed the City of Greenville's proposed annexation reasonable. The appellants were objectors to the annexation at that hearing.
We begin by noting that the briefs and argument of all counsel involved in this cause have been of the finest quality and most beneficial to our decision. We also note that, although we are forced to reverse this cause, the chancellor is to be commended for his studious attention to the extensive testimony and numerous exhibits which constitute the record in this cause.
Under 88 of our State Constitution the legislature is given the power to control the creation and organization of municipalities.
Section 88. The legislature shall pass general laws, under which local and private interest shall be provided for and protected, and under which cities and towns may be chartered and their charters amended, and under which corporations may be created, organized, and their acts of incorporation altered; and all such laws shall be subject to amendment.
Miss. Const. of 1890, Art. 14, 88.
Beginning with Section 2913 of the Mississippi Code of 1892, the legislature took advantage of the authority given to it by Section 88 of the Constitution by establishing a statutory procedure for the expansion or contraction of municipal boundaries. That provision and subsequent modifications of the State Code provided that appeals from municipal ordinances contracting or expanding city boundaries were to be made to the circuit court. In 1950, the legislature changed the forum. With the adoption of 3374-12 of the Mississippi Code (1942), the legislature presented the state with our modern scheme of realizing municipal growth. The entire process is now embodied in 21-1-27 through 21-1-41 Miss. Code Ann. (1972). For purposes of this appeal, our attention is drawn to 21-1-31 and 21-1-33. These sections provide that once a municipal ordinance enlarging or contracting that muncipality's boundaries is passed by the city council, the reasonableness of the city's actions is to be determined by the chancery court.
The appellants argue that the chancery court is constitutionally the wrong forum. They take the position that the chancery court is one of limited jurisdiction and that it has no constitutional authority to hear municipal annexation cases. We turn directly to the language of the Mississippi Constitution of 1890 for resolution of this issue.
Article 6 159 of our State Constitution reads:
The chancery court shall have full jurisdiction in the following matters and cases, viz: